The aim of this work is to study the textile village of Derwent Mills Commercial Park, now a World Heritage Site and known for its reputation as a “model” factory under its Association, which itself was considered a “business and commercial units”.
First, the history of the workers’ village should be included in the history of the industrial revolution in order to shed light on the features of this form of settlement, the identification of which with the so-called “paternalistic” methods of government is not least.
Secondly, the workers’ village should be studied on its own in order to compare its internal dynamics with the implementation of employer policies.
Third, we will look at Derwent Mills Commercial Park in the light of its tricks, while it is launching a doctrine promotion campaign that culminated in the formation of the first socialism. The status of the predecessor, assigned to his leader, will also be analyzed in the light of his belonging to the field of “utopian socialism.”
Therefore, it is possible to imagine a tradition of strategic processes in which, in spite of its supposed eccentricities, and in accordance with his enlightened management policy, he was integrated into the socialist canon as the founder of the current separate from Marxism.
Annotation: From the factory to utopia. Derwent Mills Commercial Park. The history of the “model” industrial village. This thesis examines the textile industry of the village. Founded and now located on the World Heritage Site, it is largely known for its reputation as a “model” factory, thanks to its association, which he himself considered the “father of socialism.” It argues that such myth-making should be studied both in scale and in significance, and it should be a process of deconstruction and reconstruction.
First, the history of the industrial village will be studied in the context of the industrial revolution in order to understand the features of this type of settlement, namely its close ties with the so-called 4 “paternalistic” management methods. Studying paternalistic discourses also sheds light on the foundations and training of thought, as he used business and commercial units as a test bench for an experiment in social reform.
Secondly, the industrial village will be studied in order to correlate its internal dynamics with the application of politics.
Thirdly, we will analyze how it was perceived in his days when he was launched to promote his doctrine, which is tantamount to the birth of the first British socialist movement in the late 1820s. Pioneer status was awarded the title of “Utopian Socialist”. The formation of this tradition can be understood as influencing the socialist leadership of the United States.
Orthodox reading has greatly influenced the historiography of Derwent Mills, given the close interwar relations between the Fabian and cooperative circles, on the one hand, and the academic field, on the other. The first and today unique monograph on business and commercial units, co-authored, was published recently, in 1993. Slightly integrated into the history of the first industrial revolution, the labor village was primarily considered in relation to the man who brought him fame and posterity. Historiography can be used to paint the history of Derwent Mills. This review is not intended to be exhaustive given the number of publications on this subject.
Despite the departure, Derwent Mills remained an object of admiration for the general public, partly due to its close ties, and partly due to its reputation as a place where the application of humanitarian principles successfully created an obedient workforce, which led to clear profitability. Of course, the existence of control mechanisms and power relations at work in the factory and in the industrial village cannot be denied – like any institution, they are based on a hierarchical system, by definition, not egalitarian.
The sum of these elements will allow us to determine the conditions for the daily management of the village, as well as the relationship and balance of power between the various participants. For these purposes, we will place in the second space-time frame, as part of a case study. In advance, we will need to determine the general features of this form of settlement, again in favor of a comparative approach.