Therefore, the Derwent Mills office space research program will consist of studying the production of a social model. We will analyze, on the one hand, the connection between the formation of theories and their inscription on the basis of a working class village, and on the other hand, the contribution of these discourses and practices to the structuring of British socialism around the foundation of myths. Thus, we want to reconstruct as much as possible to deconstruct this installation in the tradition through double work on the historicization of the object of study and the discourses that surrounded it.
Despite the fact that Derwent Mills industrial units has no analogues in the industrial landscape of its time, it cannot be limited to experimental measurement. Before joining a working class revival program, the site is an industrial community, a dimension that it never overlooks. Far from seeing it as an ideal city, he considers the area as an imperfect project of his social project, society does not come down to the factory world. Such a concession does not detract from the sincerity of her commitment or the quality of her philanthropic achievements, which we will have to study.
Finally, discourses will not be considered above-ground, but in their historical and social dimension. Content analysis will be conducted in relation to the conditions of their production, distribution and reception. Understanding the same dialectic of substance, form and effect will allow us in the end to question the persistence of myth.
For these purposes, we will take as a guide the tools of social history, examined through the prism of the “language turn” initiated from his work on the “industrial office space”. Far from being separate entities or, conversely, in kinship, which are initially elusive (is it the language that creates the social world or vice versa)?
These two terms should be analyzed in the game. Interdependence relationships that are themselves socially and historically defined. The methods of production, distribution and reception are so many limitations and conditions of opportunities that determine the value, given and received, use and possible consequences.
Thus, discourse only makes sense if it is considered not just as a means of social practice that could surpass it, but as practice itself. It is for this reason that one can participate in the society of historicization, since it involves an articulation between the order of facts and the order of speech. During his doctoral dissertation on the translation and dissemination of neo-mastery, he warned against the temptation of “everything contextual,” often initiated by speech analysis. Following the postulate that all speech is inevitably historized by the announcer, his social environment and his position, it is logical to consider the origin of the discourse from the point of view of its socio-historical genesis.
The mobilization of these methodological tools, as we see it, can exceed a number of interpretation difficulties that cause the multidimensional nature of our object. Unlike an industrial city, a settlement that at some point in its history laid the foundation for the process of specialization in the secondary sector, the working village was born out of industry and depended on it both in urban and in socio-economic development. At the same time, the locality and the company, or rather, the locality gravitating towards the company, the working village is a complex socio-architectural device, the microcosm a priori not suitable for analysis, other than strictly monographic, which illustrates the main work of the academician on the subject. From there we see the deployment of two reading gratings, which seem opposite, but testify to the same teleological bias.
Utopia was a school in the literary sphere, to lead to the creation of a true genre, a description of an ideal society in action. Since the eighteenth century, utopia has also entered the field of political thought. The term “utopian thought” is used to refer to a set of political treatises that, like literary utopias, critically evaluate the society of their time. In contrast to the classical political theory, which can use such cognitive inventions as the state of nature, they claim to offer the reader a spectacle of the future society. operation, putting the imagination at the service of the ideal of total reform. Thus, an association with a literary utopian field is born from this connection between critical social reflection and speculative exercise.